Bangalore, the capital of Karnataka, plays a significant role in promoting the IT sector of India. It has some of the best multi-specialty hospitals offering top-notch services with highly skilled doctors. A procedure known as angioplasty is to broaden narrowed or blocked arteries and reduce the damage the heart has sustained.
Typically doctors perform this procedure immediately after one has a heart attack, and it restores the blood supply and reduces the damage to the heart muscles. Any top heart surgery hospital in Bangalore can perform angioplasty. It is done when a patient experiences chest pain or shortness of breath.
What is angioplasty?
Angioplasty is a procedure done when there is a 50% or more block in the main artery. A local anesthetic is administered while performing angioplasty. It uses a balloon to stretch open a blocked or narrowed artery.
A catheter or a thin, long tube is inserted into a blood vessel and guided to the blocked artery in angioplasty. It is inserted by making an incision in the groin, wrist, or arm. A contrast dye is injected through the catheter to see the insides of blood vessels and identify the blockage.
There is a tiny balloon at the tip of the catheter and when it (the catheter) is in the right place, the balloon inflates. It presses the plague against the sides of the blood vessel and allows more blood to flow. In many cases, doctors insert a stent after an angioplasty.
The stent prevents the artery from narrowing and keeps the blood flowing. When the artery is fully stretched, the balloon deflates, and the catheter is removed. When there are multiple blockages, the procedure is repeated for each block.
Risks of angioplasty
- Abnormal heart rhythms
- Damage to the blood vessel
- Bleeding at the catheter insertion point
- Heart attack
- A blood clot within the blood vessel
- Chest pain
- Allergic reaction to the dye used
Results of angioplasty
After the angioplasty, the chest pain will reduce. Angioplasty can only increase the blood flow to the heart, and it doesn’t cure heart disease. It is essential to maintain heart health after undergoing angioplasty.
Things to follow after angioplasty
- Eat a healthy diet, low in fat
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Exercise regularly
- Reduce the cholesterol levels
- Take measures to keep diabetes and blood pressure under control
- Avoid unnecessary worries and stress
- Take medications as prescribed by your doctor
Benefits of angioplasty
The most significant benefit of angioplasty is the relief from chest pain soon after the procedure. Blood flow is restored to the heart muscles, and muscle damage is significantly reduced.
Catheter-based angioplasty is less invasive than heart bypass surgery. The incision on the chest is also prevented. The recovery time is less, and the procedure can be performed under local anesthesia. The healing process is smoother, and patients can resume their normal activities in a few days.
Angioplasty can improve the lives of people with a block in the heart vessel. Finding a top heart surgery hospital in Bangalore is not difficult where the procedure can be done safely.
Even after angioplasty, it is necessary to follow a strict diet and healthy lifestyle to prevent the formation of blocks in the heart vessels. When angioplasty is done at the right time, it can save the heart muscles, relieve pain and avoid surgery.